Fin Kashan Garden, the most famous Iranian garden registered in UNESCO
Getting to know Fin Kashan Garden
Iranian gardens are among the best examples of architecture around the world because they are a combination of history, architecture and nature, and the principles of architecture have been used intelligently in all of them. This uniqueness is so impressive that even after hundreds of years, the same architectural style is used to build new gardens and attract all eyes. But the garden that we want to talk about in this article from Eli Gosht tourism magazine is Fin Kashan Garden, which is a very famous and famous garden in Kashan city. This garden is a superior example of Iranian garden architecture, and its name has been registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List. In the future, stay with Eli Gesht tourism magazine to get to know more about the history and events that happened in Fin Kashan Garden during the passage of time.
At the same time as you enter the Fin Kashan garden, the unique effects of this garden will enchant you, so that time will run out of your hands. This garden is one of the best examples of Iranian gardens, and this is the reason why it was registered in the list of UNESCO historical monuments.
Inside these towering trees, short and tall fountains, as well as the sound of water passing through the garden’s cobblestones, will enthrall the visitors.
The area of Fin Kashan garden is equal to 33700 square meters and the wall, rampart and cylindrical towers cover the central courtyard of this amazing garden to make it look like the garden of Persian castles. By using these walls, the residents can find a safe place under the protection of the tower and barrow of the garden, and especially the size, shape and height of it can show its royal glory.
The naming philosophy of Fin Kashan Garden
The name of this garden was Shah’s Garden in the past, which is because of the meaning of the word “Shah”, which is big, and it also refers to the area above this garden. But now this garden is known as Fin and the reason is that it is located in the Fin area of Kashan. The word “fin” is derived from the word “fine” and “fine” was the name of the hats that the people of this area wore.
Due to its importance and high historical value, Fin Kashan Garden was registered in the list of national monuments of Iran in 1314 in order to protect it more and better.
Fin Kashan garden architecture
In terms of architecture, Fin Kashan garden has followed all the principles of the garden construction standard. What stands out the most in this garden is the presence of water and trees, which are actually living and attractive elements of this place and have been able to create an interesting space alongside the buildings of the complex as fixed elements of architecture. One of the important elements used in the design of this garden is the preservation of symmetry, which was of special importance at that time, but gradually with the intervention of the kings who ruled this city, its amount decreased and decreased. The greatest amount of asymmetry in this garden was created during the Safavid period.
The reason for using the element of water in Fin Kashan garden
The main reason for using the element of water in Fin Kashan garden is to create peace by looking at the water/cooling the air in summer/resonating the music of water, especially in non-residential areas.
There are two very beautiful ponds in this complex, which are:
One of the ponds in this historical complex is Hoz Josh, which is very amazing. Hoz Josh is very attractive and the reason for this is its flooring, which has a role similar to the carpets of Teraj and the Kashan altar. The tiles of this basin are of the gold type and work from the family of Abi Taher, the family of the Kashani tile maker, and gold is used on the glaze of the tiles. These tiles existed in this pond until the beginning of Reza Shah’s period, but robbers called Naibis attacked this pond and stole its tiles. Later, many people started working to restore and restore this pond, but none of them could do anything.
The interesting function of the hot water tank in Fin Kashan 4444444444444
In Fin Kashan garden, there are 160 holes in the pond, each of which was a flower made of carpet. The function of these holes is that if the first hole works as a fountain, the second hole does the work of water suction. In this way, there are about 80 fountain holes and 80 suction holes in these ponds, which help the same water inflow and outflow so that there is no overflow. Today, the overflow water of this pond passes through the middle of the passages of the garden by means of 3 tile tables.
Twelve fountains pond
This pond was built during the time of Mohammad Shah Qajar and also at the same time as the Josh pond and the king’s room in this garden, and today it is known as the twelve fountain pond. Inside this pond, there are fountains that tell about the Iranian structure of the garden and the architectural masterpiece in the distant past, which creates a vertical flow for the water inside the pond without any external force.
Different parts of Kashan garden
Well, one of the most famous parts of Fin Garden in Kashan is related to the two baths in this garden, and none of them are named Fin, but they are also known by this name because of their location in Fin Garden. The main reason for the fame of these baths was the murder of the Prime Minister at that time in the bath.
Another building that will surely fascinate you in Fin Kashan Garden is the Safavid Kushk, which was built in 986 AH. This historical monument was built by the order of Shah Abbas and with the efforts of Agha Khizr Nahavandi, the ruler of Kashan at the time, in the center of the garden and in front of the garden gate. This historical monument d In the past, it had 4 floors and the upper two floors were in the shape of a bell tower, but the earthquake of 1156 caused serious damage to it, and only two floors were built during the reconstruction. Today, this building is 14 meters high and the materials used in it are rubble stone in the foundation of the building and raw clay in the walls. We suggest that you definitely visit this historic and spectacular building.
There is also a room in this garden as a king’s seat, which was built around 1218 by the order of Mohammad Shah Qajar. Around this building, there are rooms called earring rooms, which were also space for the room crew. According to the respect that the crew had for the king, the ceremonies were performed through the side doors and they never entered this room through the main door. Ceremonies of that time have been performed in front of the windbreak of this room and in the middle and before the pond of this building.
Passing by Shahneshin, next to the building of the Qajar hut, there is another building called Chaikhane, which in the past was called Chashme Shasane. In this section, all the water entering the garden is divided, and a third of the water from the main spring flows into it, and after dividing into 3 branches, it continues its way in the garden.
Qajar hut or the camel’s neck of Fath Ali Shahi
Another building is located in Fin Kashan garden, which was built by the order of Fath Ali Shah in 1189 AD and is also known as the Camel’s Neck of Fath Ali Shahi or the Sofa of Fath Ali Shahi. There are different sections in this building, which include: Hozkhaneh, four arches with
In a part of this garden, there is the backyard of Karim Khani, which was built in this garden by the order of Karim Khan Zand himself and with the efforts of Mr. Salim Arani. This part of the backyard is called Karim Khani, which includes a small courtyard, five-door rooms and simple rooms, and the year of its construction goes back to around 1141 AH.
Kashan National Museum
And the last part that we want to mention in Kashan Fin Garden is the Kashan National Museum. This museum, named Kashan National Museum, was built in 1346 by the efforts of the late Seyyed Mohammad Taqi Mostafavi, the General Director of Archeology at the time, on the ruins left over from the Nizam al-Dawlah palace. This museum has three sections: archeology, anthropology and crafts. More than 400 pieces of works, including pottery belonging to the pre-Islamic and post-Islamic periods, including bronze objects, ceramics, clothing, calligraphy, and all kinds of weavings, are displayed in this museum, from the 7th millennium BC to It covers the contemporary period. The objects of the archaeological section of this museum were also obtained from the excavations carried out in Silk Hill, Chaghazanbil, Hasanlu, Khorvin, Lorestan, etc.
Access to Fin Kashan Garden 7777777777
Visiting time: every day except Tasu’a and Ashura of Hosseini, 21 Ramadan, the martyrdom of Imam Ali, 28 Safar, the death of the Prophet, 14 Khordad, the death of Imam Khomeini, 25 Shawwal, the martyrdom of Imam Jafar Sadiq.
Visiting hours: 09:00 to 18:30 in the first six months of the year and 09:00 to 16:00 in the second six months of the year
Visiting fee: 2500 Tomans for Iranian citizens and 25000 Tomans for foreign citizens