Amazing architecture of Persepolis

Amazing architecture of Persepolis

Amazing architecture of Persepolis : Persepolis is considered one of the most important historical and tourist attractions in Iran, and many people travel a long way to see the splendor of Iran’s history up close.

Amazing architecture of Persepolis

What attracts the viewer’s attention at the first glance in Persepolis is the inscriptions and stone inscriptions of the passage of King Khashayarshah, which are written in Elamite and other ancient languages. From this pass you will go to the Apadana palace complex, where the kings feast and state ceremonies and celebrations are held.

Although you must have heard a lot about this famous building of Iran. But today, to get to know the architecture of Persepolis, join the Building Engineering Foundation.

Architecture of Persepolis

Persepolis is a collection of very magnificent and huge palaces, whose construction began in 512 BC and lasted for about 150 years. Persepolis is located in a vast area that is limited to Rahmat mountains on one side and Marvdasht on the other side. These huge royal palaces were built in the vicinity of Parse, which the Greeks called Persepolis.

Architecture of Persepolis

Persepolis is a collection of very magnificent and huge palaces, whose construction began in 512 BC and lasted for about 150 years. Persepolis is located in a vast area that is limited to Rahmat mountains on one side and Marvdasht on the other side. These huge royal palaces were built in the vicinity of Parse, which the Greeks called Persepolis.

Achaemenid architecture is a fusion art that is derived from the architectural styles of Babylon, Assyria, Egypt, and the Greek cities of Asia Minor and the Urartu people, and it has created an independent type of architecture with artistic performance and creativity of the Iranian spirit. The Achaemenians wanted to show the greatness of their great empire to the world by building this huge building. The throne of Jamshid had a heating and ventilation system, which made the spaces inside warm in winter and cool and moderate in summer.

Amazing architecture of Persepolis
Amazing architecture of Persepolis

The green plain of Marvdasht, very high ceilings and wide space, open doors and numerous windows make the air of Persepolis mild and cool in summer, and in dry winters and layers of plaster that form a thermal insulation, long purple curtains and It is thick. which prevents the penetration of cold into the insides and halls, the cover was also made of wood, which was useful in warming the environment.

Wonders of Persepolis

1) Uniform stones and a kind of lime were used in the construction of the huge building of Persepolis. Part of the amazing strength of this ancient city is related to these resistant stones. It should be mentioned that the art of stone carving at that time was not limited to large stones and this art can also be seen in decorative works and delicate stone inscriptions in the wonders of Persepolis.

2) One of the wonders of Persepolis is the existence of stone quarries around this ancient city, which, according to the remaining works, turns into about 250 tons of stone and is transferred to the bottom of the mine and the foot of the mountain without damage, and then it is used for shaping. The buildings have been moved to the city. The technology of shaping and moving this volume of stone with high weight and density is like a hidden secret.

3) The Achaemenid Empire was built on a quadrilateral platform with an area of more than 125,000 square meters. Referring to Dariush’s inscription, it is clear that there are no buildings in this place. This throne is in a series of different palaces that are located in one place.

4) One of these palaces is the Apadana columned palace, which has an area of about 10,000 square meters and about 72 columns. Each of the columns of this palace is 20 meters high and on top of them there is a head of a cow or a lion weighing 1.5 tons. The high strength and splendor of this beautiful palace is considered one of the architectural wonders and wonders of Persepolis throughout the ages.

5) One of the other wonders of Persepolis is the presence of stone jars and containers with different diameters of the mouth and inside diameter, and this shows the art of Achaemenid, Elamite, Assyrian, Egyptian and Babylonian stonemasons. At that time, these ancient artists created precise and flawless vessels and structures from solid stones using simple tools.

6) Brick, bituminous and tin-poche waterways and gutters in Persepolis are another engineering and unique architectural marvel of this building. The existence of these tools and structures was to control floods and prevent damage to the building, as well as the passage of clean and mud-free water from the city. Rainwater and floods pass through the canals under the city and in this way damage to the structures is prevented.

7) The ancient city of Parse near Persepolis, which is buried among other exciting attractions and the wonder of Persepolis in this collection. The search for this city continues. The existence of this city of 1000 people has been identified from the inscriptions in the palace of Darius the Great.

8) The roof of the queen’s palace was covered with wood during the Achaemenid period, which was later destroyed by the fire of Alexander and was restored. This palace is currently used as a museum of Persepolis, its floor and columns are covered with red carpet.

9) The construction site of Persepolis is located in Mount Jamshid, which was actually the holy mountain of the Achaemenids, and even now, it hosts tombs in the form of conical graves, graves dug in cubic stones, and places where bones are kept.

10) One of the other wonders of Persepolis is that in decorating the statues and reliefs of Persepolis, melon colors and precious stones such as gold, lapis lazuli and emerald are used, which have been lost and stolen over the centuries, and the only thing left is empty. is on The roles remain prominent.

11 ) Another one of the 30 wonders of Persepolis that you didn’t know is their way of sending messages to future generations. Darius had ordered to place 4 gold tablets, 4 simin tablets and some coins at the 4 corners of Apadana to convey his message to future generations in the form of sentences.

12) The city of Takht Jamshid is located on a big rock in Mount Rehmat Morvdasht, which seems to be difficult to build and level the surface of this rock to start construction even at this time.

13) The Charter of Human Rights, which is used today in the United Nations, was written by Cyrus the Great in Persepolis. Achaemenid kings have done their best to create peace during the conquest of the country. The way of social management and the rules and order governing the cities are truly one of the wonders of this government and one of the wonders of Persepolis.

14) 2 km waterways in the basement of Persepolis are another wonder of Persepolis. These waterways are like ancient pipes that bring clean water to all parts of the city. In the construction of these waterways, sometimes it was necessary to dig 10 meters in hard rocks and sometimes it was necessary to fill the holes with cut stones.

15) One of the important features of Achaemenid buildings is their foundation system. Although the maximum height of the facade of Persepolis in the western part is about 14 meters, archaeologists’ excavations show that the infrastructure of the facade of the facade continues up to about three meters below, and they even built an independent foundation for this facade. Due to the fact that Persepolis was built on a single layer, in case of horizontal movements in the layers of the earth, it is possible for the layer and the buildings on it to vibrate with each other. Such an arrangement is similar to the basic principles of the construction of modern earthquake-proof buildings, and one can trace the wonders of Persepolis with this sign.

16) Thatcher Palace of Persepolis, which is the first palace built in Persepolis, is made of very smooth and transparent gray stones, whose luster and polished surfaces have turned it into a mirror hall of Persepolis.

17) The structure of Persepolis stairs is such that you will not get tired of climbing it. The short steps used in the stairs of Persepolis are built for the convenience of elders and to talk to each other while climbing the stairs. It is interesting to know that in the connection of these structures, iron beads were used instead of mortar, and several continuous limestone stones were used to build only one step.

18) A stone well is another wonder and wonder of Persepolis, which is located in the northeast of Sefa. This well is built with an opening of about 5 x 5 meters and a depth of about 22 meters in a completely stone bed. Unlike other wells, this well has been used to prevent floods and collect excess water. Of course, apart from this well, there have been other wells with other uses in Persepolis.

19) Metal and bronze pulleys were used in the coffers of Persepolis to lift the stones marked on the columns. This amazing tool was used along with the lock and pair method to build the massive columns of Persepolis.

20) Treasures are full of other wonders of Persepolis, which surprised even looters like Alexander the Great. The roofs, walls and tanks of this city are full of offerings and spoils of the conquest of the country and surprised everyone.

21) The attack of Alexander the Great took place during the reign of Darius III, and after the defeat of Darius III in Gilgamesh region, he occupied the territory of Iran. The strength of the buildings of Persepolis against looting and fire is remarkable, and even despite the malice of the enemies, the works and inscriptions of this city have remained for posterity.

22) The Palace of Hundred Pillars is an unfinished palace with an area of about 5 thousand meters. According to what remains of this palace, the height of the columns is 13 meters and this building has 7 windows and 36 lamps.

23) Among the other wonders of Persepolis, we can mention the Queen’s Palace, which was built on the tomb of Darius, and archaeologists were able to reconstruct the destroyed Queen’s Palace from this.

24) The reconstruction of the destroyed buildings of Persepolis has been completed for about 11 years. Before this restoration, the capitals had collapsed and the amazing staircase of Persepolis was like a ruin.

25) The gates of Persepolis have western and eastern gates. Huge guardian angels made of uniform stones are placed on both sides of the gate. The eastern gate is the gate of the security department, which includes a 92-meter street.

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